It both places the attacker further aft of the defender and presents the defender with the smallest amount of surface area to see. (That old trick is called apophasis, saying something by artfully declining to say it; nobody's pulled that yet this year.)
The following might be considered a representative sample: "I intend to conduct this campaign on a respectable level. The advantage usually goes to the aircraft that can decelerate quicker, and the defender will often cut the power and extend the speedbrakes in an effort to force an overshoot. The purpose is not only to make the aircraft harder for an enemy to track, but also to increase or decrease speed while maintaining energy. In battles with aircraft that have a thrust-to-weight ratio of less than one the aircraft will quickly lose altitude, and crashing into the ground becomes a possibility. The advantage usually goes to the more maneuverable aircraft.  Common tactics include increasing altitude and attempting to place the fighter directly between the sun and the opponent. If the attacker can maneuver onto the defender's flight path before an overshoot occurs, the attacker will be able to stop or reverse closure rate. Flight path overshoots are divided into two categories, called "control-zone overshoots" and "in-close overshoots". During a turn in an oblique plane, a pitch turn occurs when the aircraft's nose points above the horizon, causing an increase in altitude. Corner speed is defined as the minimum speed at which the maximum sustainable g-force load can be generated (the load at which power equals drag), and varies with the fighter's structural design, wing loading characteristics, weight (including added weight from missiles, drop-tanks, etc...), and thrust capabilities.
The trade-off between airspeed and altitude provides the fighter with a burst of increased maneuverability. Build a wall NOW."
https://idioms.thefreedictionary.com/say+in+a+roundabout+way. The defender is exposed to the attacker's guns for only a brief instant (snapshot). , An out-of-plane maneuver enhances this effect, by diverting the fighter into a new plane of travel.
Do you know what languages these words come from? This puts the attacker in the defender's blind spot, and the common defense is to reverse the turn.
If the defender maintains the same angle of bank, the subtle maneuver will be very difficult for the attacker to spot. Unlike an Immelmann or a split-s, the wingover also manages energy by conserving both airspeed and altitude. Maneuvers such as the "combat spread" were first devised by pilots like Werner Molders during the Spanish civil war. Why do you always say something in a roundabout way?  A simple, non-turning form of the low-Yo-Yo is depicted in John Godfrey's description of his first kill, flying a Republic P-47 Thunderbolt over Europe during World War II; Breathlessly I watched the 109 in between the breaks in the clouds as I dove. Learn a new word every day. This type of engagement is known as "one-circle flow". This is not as effective against a faster moving opponent, so the attacker may need to accelerate to maintain pure pursuit.
An extremely successful tactic one day may yield unfortunate results if repeated the next day, and pilots often credit luck as a major factor..
Surprise is often a key element in this type of attack, and the attackers will often hide in the sun or clouds, stalking their opponents until a good opportunity is presented.
 A faster, heavier aircraft may not be able to evade a more maneuverable aircraft in a turning battle, but can often choose to break off the fight and escape by diving or using its thrust to provide a speed advantage. Then, by returning to the defenders plane, the attacker restores the lost speed while maintaining energy. This allowed him to construct an ethos of honesty while seeking to engender empathy (pathos) for his apparently impossible predicament. As his plane filled my gunsight, I pressed the [trigger]. Such aircraft are referred to as "energy fighters". Below this speed, the aircraft will be limited to flying at lower g's, resulting in a decrease in turn rate. This overall concept is known as "energy maneuverability".. , A "control-zone overshoot" occurs when the attacker crosses the defender's flight path from behind the front edge of the control zone.
This type of training, introduced during the last stages of flight school, is more like actual combat, and is the most beneficial for aircrew once basic BFM skills are mastered. However, closure is not as rapid, nor is the rate of increase in AOT. At the same time, the wingman turns in the same direction as the defender.
, To prevent an overshoot, an attacker in lead pursuit may need to correct with an out-of-plane maneuver. Circumambages began circulating during the 17th century. With an image of a sunset ... words hovering there, in all caps, … it reads: "It's never too late to be what you might have been." Neither the pilot nor the opponent have the advantage of surprise. After the pass, both fighters may turn to engage. [page needed], BFM are a constant series of trade-offs between these limitations to conserve the specific energy state of the aircraft. Perhaps another reason for this pretermission has to do with the extremely formal and technical nature of this new research. Samuel Pepys illustrates its usage in an August 12, 1663 entry in his diary: "Only I do see by them, that speaking in matters distasteful to him that we write to, it is best to do it in the plainest way and without ambages or reasoning, but only say matters of fact, and leave the party to collect your meaning.". If an attacker has too much energy, it may be easy to get in range but difficult to prevent an overshoot.
, Like lead pursuit, pure pursuit is used to provide closure. By (appearing to) admit that he had erred, Clegg used the rhetorical technique of paromologia—that is, conceding a weaker point in order to advance a stronger one. The fighter pilot uses BFM to turn these limitations into tactical advantages. Two-circle flow is a turn rate fight, and the angular advantage usually goes to the aircraft with the higher turn rate at its corner speed.  It often falls in the area of 250–400 kn (290–460 mph; 460–740 km/h).
Rolling away from the defender's break, the attacker completes the roll with the aircraft's nose pointed in the direction of the defender's travel. If anything makes you uncomfortable, talk to them. Basic fighter maneuvers (BFM) are used by fighter pilots during a dogfight to gain a positional advantage over an opponent. Neutral positions generally occur when both opponents spot each other at the same time.
to Mr. Mondale's, "Why can't we reach agreements to save this Earth? It is logical, then, that a verb literally meaning "to turn back" came to signify reluctance in Latin, and that English adopted and modified the word to refer to situations in which someone is reluctant to respond directly. They can also be neutral, where both opponents strive for an offensive position or disengagement maneuvers, to help an escape. Set your young readers up for lifelong success, 'Malarkey!' A third option is called vertical flow, in which one or both fighters turn toward the vertical plane. , "Instantaneous turn-rate" describes turns which are above the maximum sustainable-load. , Maneuvers are rarely performed in the strictly vertical or horizontal planes. Although circle flow is often described using neutral merges, the concept applies anytime two aircraft maneuver in relation to each other and the horizon. AOT are generally grouped into three categories, called "pursuit curves".
, A useful type of out-of-plane maneuver employed to decrease AOT are various barrel rolls called displacement rolls, in order to shift the aircraft laterally from its projected flight path onto a new flight path. The maneuver consists of slipping into a steep, straight dive and applying full thrust.
BFM also relies on the pilot's understanding of the geometry of pursuit within the three-dimensional arena, where different angles of approach can cause different rates of closure. The high-g barrel roll is an energy-depleting maneuver that rarely causes the attacker to fly out in front, but usually will result in a flight path overshoot, a flat scissors, or, at the very least, will temporarily disrupt the attacker's aim. If the two fighters turn in the same direction (i.e. What is the definition of devious? BFM are used in the three-dimensional arena of air combat, where maneuvers are not limited by simple two-dimensional turns, such as during a car chase.
The 109 flew as straight as an arrow, with no weaving. A high-side guns pass is a very effective tactic against a more maneuverable opponent, where the turning battle of a dogfight is best avoided.
The fighter pilot with the most advantageous position is usually above or behind the opponent, and is commonly called the attacker.
In Greek, paraleipsis means "omission"; it is from the verb paraleipein, "to omit" or "to leave untold."
In aviation, the term "energy" does not refer to the fuel nor the thrust it produces. Its travels on the way from Dutch to Spanish are not well documented, but possibly the Spanish borrowed the word from the French (flibustier, fribustier), who had themselves borrowed English freebooter, meaning "pirate, plunderer," which, in turn, is a borrowing from the Dutch. ... ‘Sometimes it is necessary to adopt devious tactics to expose bullies and cheats. If the attacker is at an energy disadvantage, the defender will likely use the speed to disengage, but, if the attacker is moving much faster, the defender will usually maneuver in order to force a dangerous overshoot. This can also help to force the attacker to overshoot, which may not be true had the turn been made away from the attacker's flight path. , Aircraft turn in circular motions, following a circumference around a central point. Because an aircraft turning at its maximum load cannot turn any tighter, any aircraft located between such a fighter and its post is momentarily safe from attack. An out-of-plane maneuver, such as a displacement roll, is a viable option for reducing turn radius.. In two-circle flow, turn radius is of little importance, because what matters is which fighter can get back to the merging place first. In their heyday, these philosophers were considered adroit in reasoning, but later philosophers (particularly Plato) described them as shams who were willing to say anything to win an argument.  Pilots must know their aircraft's corner speed, as well as optimum angles of bank (AOB) and angles of attack (AOA), without consciously thinking about them. Other limitations vary with speed and altitude, such as turn radius, turn rate, and the specific energy of the aircraft. , Lag pursuit is used to stop or reverse closure rate and to decrease AOT, while allowing the attacker to maintain or increase forward separation (also called nose/tail separation, or nose-to-tail). This can help an attacker to prevent an overshoot, while keeping the energy available in case one does occur.
— Brandon Royal, The Little Blue Reasoning Book, 2015. malarkey Such an adventurer came to be known as a filibuster, from Spanish filibustero. Combat tended to degenerate into individual attacks, the classic "dogfights".
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